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After an early focus on works for solo piano, including the three sonatas that Robert Schumann described as “veiled symphonies,” Brahms tended to employ his chosen instrument, the piano, in collaborative works, producing a variety of duo sonatas (with violin, cello, and clarinet), piano trios, piano quartets, and one piano quintet, as well as two more trios (one with horn and one with clarinet). His final efforts for solo keyboard were published in four sets of shorter works, which appeared between 1891 and 1893.

Only the first of these groups (Op. 116) has a continuity that argues for continuous performance. The three sets being performed this evening range widely in tone and temperament, by turns reflective and pensive, then agitated and restless. The individual pieces carry different titles, including a ballade, a romance, and a rhapsody, but more than half are designated cryptically as intermezzos, including all three of Op. 117, all but two of the six in Op. 118, and three of the four in Op. 119. These intimate works are the offspring of a composer whose greatest love was music itself.

-Dennis Bade served the Los Angeles Philharmonic for nearly a quarter century as Associate Director and Director of Publications.